You most likely have your website hosted on a Shared Server but need to switch to enhanced web hosting services due to increased website traffic or other reasons. If that’s the case, you are at the right place.
Switching from a Shared to a Windows or Linux VPS Hosting service is relatively easy. But if you aren’t familiar with server configurations or server setup, getting used to your VPS Server might take time and little effort.
Upgrading to a VPS Server and setting it up with the right configuration will help your website achieve improved performance, uptime, security, reliability, with more control and customisation abilities.
This article will lead you through some critical configurations to help you set up your VPS Server and get it ready to use in no time.
Steps to configure your VPS Hosting Server
Here are five necessary steps to help you set up and configure your VPS Server for its better use.
1. Login to your VPS Server via Secure Shell (SHH) Access
SSH is a strong encryption and authentication protocol that will provide you access to your remote servers and issue commands to your server.
Once you buy VPS Hosting, ensure you have the following credentials:
- Your VPS Server’s IP address
- Username for your root account
- Password for your root account
The first step is entering this information and login information to log in to your single root account. If the entered data is right, you’ll see a command prompt with your server’s details. If you do, you are safe to move to the next step.
2. Update your VPS Server
Outdated Virtual Servers are open to several security threats and vulnerabilities, let alone the missed opportunities on new features for improved security and performance.
Therefore, the first step you need to take after logging in to your VPS Server is updating it. Next, update your server and all its packages, and restart the server once done.
3. Create a new user account
Setting up a new user account with super privileges is a best practice as a root account can cause serious problems and damages.
You can set up a new user account by entering the following command and replacing the username with your preferred choice.
Later, add the following command to add a new user to the sudo group to provide it with superuser privileges
# usermod -aG sudo preferrednewusername
4. Enable public-key authentication
Public key authentication significantly increases server security, allowing you to generate a set of public and private keys.
Ensure you disable the default password-only authentication service before saving the changes. Once you save the changes, reboot your VPS Server.
5. Set up a firewall for your VPS Server
Enabling a firewall for your VPS Server when you buy your VPS Hosting plan is a critical security measure that restricts certain traffic to and from your VPS Server.
Firewalls allow you to restrict which ports of your server enable traffic to access your VPS Server, filtering out malicious traffic and eliminating risks of attacks on your server.
A VPS Hosting offers several customisation and configuration options through full root access. It allows you to choose a suitable operating system, install desirable software and third-party applications, and make relevant changes anytime when you want.